For illustration purposes only. Researchers examined data on high school soccer players from to and found non-concussion injury rates declined for boys and were little changed for girls. But concussions increased in both male and female players. The significant rise in concussion rates "could be mainly due to a better recognition of concussion by medical and coaching staff," study leader Dr.
When accompanying a patient for evaluation of recent minor head trauma, family members often express concerns about the risk of permanent sequelae. Physicians need to understand diagnostic criteria, clinical manifestations, treatment, and prognosis of mild traumatic brain injury mTBIalso known as concussion, including the relationship among concussions, postconcussion syndrome, and TBI-related neurocognitive disorder.
This review presents data from well-designed, controlled studies to assist the treating physician in meeting the needs of these patients. Here in part I, the definitions and classifications of mTBI are reviewed, and data on prognosis for a patient with a single isolated concussion are presented.
Diagnosis and treatment n will be covered in part II, in the next issue of Practical Neurology in May, Classification Systems Classification systems are important for comparing study results and conclusions.
These systems, as well as other screening tools, have been used for diagnostic purposes, although none have been validated as diagnostic to date. As screening tools, these and other questionnaires help predict the likelihood of mTBI. Screening tools may guide bystanders in when to seek clinical care and may also assist the clinician in diagnosis, which will be addressed in part II of this article.
Here, classifications are discussed to aid in understanding the published literature regarding prognosis of a single isolated concussion. There are 2 systems for classifying TBI: The GCS was never intended or validated as a diagnostic tool.
The Mayo Clinic classification categorizes TBI as moderate to severe definitemild probableor symptomatic possible based on acute injury characteristics, including changes in consciousness, amnesia, the GCS, subjective complaints, and imaging studies.
Specifically, an mTBI, defined by the GCS score methodology, refers to an individual with a GCS score of 13 to 15 within 30 minutes of the event regardless of whether the patient was transiently unconscious or amnestic.
A reasonable criticism of the GCS classification is that it does not include any imaging findings or other evidence of intracranial injury.
The tools you need to write a quality essay or term paper; Saved Essays Some of the common causes of concussions are accidents involving vehicles, sports injuries, and even some genetic traits. According to Pluta, some of the short term side effects of concussions include headaches, nausea and vomiting, and difficulty with concentration and. May 23, · Watch video · Jermichael Finley is a living, breathing example of the harmful effects of NFL injuries. The former Packers tight end spent six seasons in the NFL, from , all with Green Bay. But nearly. Assessment of the Neurological System Randy Adams is a year-old male patient of Dr. Joseph Reynolds who was admitted yesterday morning for hour observation for mild concussion following a motor vehicle accident.
For example, a patient with subarachnoid, subdural, or intraventricular bleeding, which is clearly a severe injury, would be classified as having an mTBI on the GCS scale if they did not lose consciousness, exhibit amnesia, or have a GCS of 13 to 15 within 30 minutes of the injury. This is significant because the recovery profile and prognosis for a patient with a contusion or intracranial bleed differs significantly from that of a patient with a GCS score of 13 to 15 and no findings from imaging studies.
The terms uncomplicated and complicated have been proposed. A nonfocal neurological examination. Amnesia following a concussion may be anterograde or retrograde. Typically, the amnesia shrinks over time, eventually lasting no more than a few seconds.
The length of anterograde amnesia is thought to be an accurate guide to the severity of the head trauma. Consciousness and Concussion As per the consensus criteria, LOC is not required for diagnosis of concussion and may be present in as little as 8.
James noted that to be aware, one must be awake. An individual may be awake but not aware ie, persistent vegetative state but cannot be aware without being awake.
Hence, consciousness requires wakefulness and awareness.Overuse injuries are the most common types of injuries in sports and are the result of repetitive trauma during exercise. Sports injuries can affect bones or soft tissue such as ligaments, muscles, and tendons.
Injuries in football Essay. B. Pages Words This is just a sample. To get a unique essay.
the Pop Warner Medical Advisory Board and chairman of the department of neurosurgery at the Chicago-based North Shore Neurological Institute, in a statement. With American football being one of the sports with the most injuries in it, is. "This was only an epidemiologic study to calculate the risk of injuries and (find) any differences in sex, position of players, and mechanism of injuries," Khodaee said.
Br J Sports Med Read. The Importance of Physiotherapy Physiotherapy is the most commonly prescribed treatment to assist in the recovery of many injuries and conditions. Chronic pain, car and sports injuries and challenges with mobility can all be greatly improved with the use of physiotherapy.
Essay Neurological Sports Injuries - Horror story of sports injuries begins with a young man by the name of Austin Trenum. He was only years-old when misery struck him while playing a football game. Austin’s final play left him with a serious concussion.
He got up from the play showing no signs of a brain injury. According to the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke, “Traumatic brain injury, a form of acquired brain injury, occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain.” 1 A closed head injury is a type of TBI in which the skull and dura mater remain intact.