The theoretical framework adopted for this study is Albert Ellis rational emotive theory The presence of the learner in the learning situation is not enough for meaningful learning entails a psychological process with continuous leaner direction of the cognitive activity. Many related theories have been reviewed related to attitude one of them is the rational emotive theory of Albert Ellis. This theory was formulated by Albert Ellis inAlbert Ellis tend towards existentialism.
Introduction Medicine is a highly competitive professional education program. Medical schools may also ask prospective students about their involvement in non-academic activities, including pursuit of dedicated or competitive activities such as sport. Involvement in sport offers invaluable opportunities for an individual to develop self-discipline, resilience, and motivations that may subsequently influence their functioning in stressful, high-stakes environments such as medical school and eventual medical practice.
Individuals applying to medical schools are academically high-performing and motivated to achieve, many of whom have pursued sport at one or various points in their lives. Once in medical school, students find themselves surrounded by other high-achieving peers and face many challenges such as mastering large amounts of material in short periods of time and frequent assessments.
How do these high-performing students, who have also pursued sport at varying levels, fare in their achievement goals and well-being in medical school? Specifically, are students focused on their performance relative to their high-achieving peers or are they oriented toward personal mastery and learning?
Are students able to respond adaptively to the demands of medical studies? To answer these questions, we draw on Achievement Goal Theory AGT6 - 8 a well-established framework that has been applied in the study of motivation across a wide range of achievement settings e.
Some individuals can manifest multiple goals at the same time and, depending on the environment they are exposed to, may change their goals as they progress through their education and career. Performance approach goals are considered less adaptive — although these goals are consistently linked to high achievement, they appear also to relate to unfavourable behaviours e.
This latter aim is in response to recent calls in medical education for research that extends motivation theory to health professions education. Methods Study design and participants This was a cross-sectional survey study. The total sampling scheme was used in the study.
The distribution of students by year in medical school in this study was approximately even: Students were allowed to choose only one response option. Students were asked to indicate the level of agreement with each statement using a 7-point Likert-type scale 1 — not at all true of me; 7 — yes, very true of me.
In total, 16 statements were used to measure four achievement goals: Reliabilities Cronbach alpha of the achievement goal measures in this study were as follows: The total scores on each achievement goal could range from 4 to 28, with higher scores indicating greater endorsement of the goal.
For the purposes of this study, burnout was defined as physical, cognitive, and affective exhaustion and was assessed using the 8-item exhaustion scale of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory — student version OLBI-S.
The reliability of the academic burnout measure in this study was 0. The total scores could range from 8 to 32, with higher scores indicating higher academic burnout. Procedure Using an online survey, quantitative data were collected in October-Novemberwith three reminders sent to all undergraduate students enrolled in the four-year medical program.
At the beginning of the survey, the informed consent form explained the purpose and the nature of the study, highlighting voluntary participation and anonymous data collection.
Ethics approval was obtained from the Research Ethics Board at the University of Alberta prior to data collection. For each student, scores on four achievement goals and academic burnout were calculated by adding item-level scores on respective items.
These means were then plotted in a graph to examine possible trends in the data. Significance level was set at an alpha level of 0.
The levels of endorsement of the other three achievement goals were lower and around the midpoint of their respective scales: The overall mean SD on academic burnout was Academic Procrastination: The Relationship Between Causal Attribution Styles and Behavioral Postponement.
Rahim Badri Gargari, while the estimated rate of problematic academic procrastination among undergraduate students is at least %.
Physical Activity and Student Performance at School Howard Taras ABSTRACT: To review the state of research on the association between physical activity among school-aged children and academic. This study examined the effect of self-efficacy, positive thinking and gender difference on academic achievement.
To achieve this aim, the researcher used the descriptive causal methodology of research, and the selected sample size was () males and () females from different specializations by using equal stratified random sampling technique. Antecedents and consequences of academic procrastination: A student counselors’ perspective Justine Patrzek, Carola Grunschel, & Stefan Fries Department of Psychology, University of Bielefeld, Germany As academic procrastination can result in a variety of negative consequences like minor academic success and stress (e.g., Tice & Baumeister.
Howell A J. Academic procrastination among undergraduates attending school of physical education and sports: Role of general procrastination.
(). Binder K. ().There is not any meaningful relationship between the academic achievement grade averages of boy and girl students (P>0. on average. In addition, physical education classes should be a mandatory prerequisite course for the completion of an undergraduate degree, as long as the foundation for enabling students to engage in physical activity and encouraging it are available within the academic settings.