Following the latter, he was hanged for high treason. Macdonald[ edit ] Macdonald —91 was the first Prime Minister of Canadain office —73, and again —
Louis Riel is one of the most controversial figures in Canadian history. In the Canadian west in the majority of the settlers regarded him as a villain; today he is seen there as the founder of those movements which have protested central Canadian political and economic power.
French Canadians have always thought him a victim of Ontario religious and racial bigotry, and by no means deserving of the death penalty. He remains a mysterious figure in death as in life. Riel was the eldest of 11 children in a close-knit, devoutly religious, and affectionate family.
Sayer was released, an action which resulted in the end of that monopoly. Always an introvert, subject to moods of depression, he seems to have lost confidence in his qualifications for the priesthood and withdrew from the college in March of the following year without graduating.
Louis Riel is a historical biography in comics by Canadian cartoonist Chester Brown, published as a book in after serializion in – The story deals with Métis rebel leader Louis Riel 's antagonistic relationship with the newly established Canadian government. Louis Riel Biography Louis Riel (22 October - 16 November ) was a Canadian politician, a founder of the province of Manitoba, and leader of the Métis people of the Canadian prairies. Born in , Louis Riel was the eldest son of a prominent St. Boniface Métis family. Oct 19, · Louis Riel: Louis Riel, Canadian leader of the Métis in western Canada. Riel grew up in the Red River Settlement in present-day Manitoba. He studied for the priesthood in Montreal (though he was never ordained) and worked at various jobs before returning to .
But the subtleties of the law bored and annoyed Riel and he decided, in all likelihood into return to Red River. The Scots settlers had adhered strictly to the Presbyterian church.
Riel found many changes on his return. Religious antipathies had become a notable feature of the settlement. At the same time the political climate was both uncertain and volatile.
The need for a new constitutional arrangement was acknowledged, but the issue was far from settled. Moreover, the old inhabitants now recognized that although their settlement was still isolated, it was the object of expansionist aspirations on the part of both the United States and Canada.
In French Canada, land seekers had been encouraged to look north in their own province, but their political leaders, by entering the confederation coalition ofhad tacitly accepted the idea of acquiring the northwest.
Meanwhile, a grasshopper plague in —68 had caused much distress in the settlement. Though the meeting underlined the need for concerted action, none was planned.
But all representations were ignored by Macdonald.
No poorer choice for the post could have been made, in view of the necessity for diplomatic caution in dealing with the officials of the HBC and with the lay and clerical spokesmen of the various groups at Red River.
The older, more established leaders had had little success and had shown little initiative. Also on the 2nd, Riel, with followers reported as numbering up towho had been recruited from the fur-brigades recently returned to the settlement for the season, took possession of Upper Fort Garry without a struggle.
Riel angrily denied this allegation.
He did not succeed in rallying the English-speaking parishes behind this move. It proposed representation in the Canadian parliament, guarantees of bilingualism in the legislature, a bilingual chief justice, and arrangements for free homesteads and Indian treaties.
More serious opposition was mounted by Schultz, Dennis, and the Canadian element of the settlement. Schultz, on the other hand, had fortified his house and store, and recruited about 50 followers as guards.
Realizing their position was hopeless, on 7 December the Canadians gave in and were imprisoned at Upper Fort Garry. The next day Riel established the provisional government, and Bruce was named president. Macdonald later admitted that under the circumstances the people of the community had had to form a government for the protection of life and property.
Yet, in an alcoholic haze or because of urgent political problems in Canada, he did not, in fact, fully realize at the time the state of affairs in the settlement, and Canadians generally seemed unconcerned. On 6 December, nevertheless, Macdonald had sponsored a proclamation by the governor general of an amnesty to all in Red River who would lay down their arms.
Thibault arrived in the settlement on Christmas Day, while Salaberry remained in Pembina. He had, however, left his official commission in Pembina to avoid its seizure by Riel, who asked to see it. Although it differed little from that of Thibault and Salaberry, it was received calmly.
Smith promised a liberal policy in confirming land titles to present occupants and representation on the proposed territorial council. The meeting was continued on the following day with an even larger crowd.
The atmosphere of this session had changed and the listeners were now firmly behind Riel. The proposal was approved. Riel then proposed that the convention demand the immediate grant of provincial status, presumably for the whole northwest.
This would have meant control of crown lands and other natural resources, but the proposal was rejected, some considering it premature.
He failed again on the 5th when he proposed that the convention repudiate the agreement between Canada and the HBC and that the negotiations be between Canada and the settlement. Riel then suggested that since a government was needed until the parliament of Canada provided a constitution, both language groups should participate in the provisional government.
The English-speaking representatives at the convention hesitated until a delegation sent on the 9th to consult with Governor Mactavish reported that although he refused to delegate his authority he agreed with the proposal.
The country-born and the Scottish delegates were now satisfied that they should cooperate further with Riel. It now appeared that a united front had been achieved in the settlement.Presents a photo and a listed biography with research links on Louis Riel, Canadian western politician and folk hero.
Louis Riel was the leader of the Métis in western Canada who led his people in revolt against Canadian sovereignty.
Louis David Riel was born near what is now Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, on Born: Oct 22, LibraryThing Review User Review - clstaff - LibraryThing. As the title suggests, this is a biography of Louis Riel, Canadian politician, prophet and all round nice guy. Louis Riel was the leader of two rebellions against the Canadian government in the s and a spiritual leader for many French Canadians.4/5(13).
Louis "David" Riel; edit. Language Label Description Also known as; English: Louis Riel. Canadian politician. biography/Louis-Riel. 0 references. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography ID.
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Louis Riel Biography Louis Riel (22 October – 16 November ) was a Canadian politician, a founder of the province of Manitoba, and leader of the Métis people of the Canadian prairies.
Born in , Louis Riel was the eldest son of a prominent St. Boniface Métis family. Louis David Riel was a Canadian politician, a founder of the province of Manitoba, and a political and spiritual leader of the Métis people of the Canadian prairies.